ORDER DENYING PLAINTIFF’S MOVEMENT FOR OVERVIEW JUDGMENT AND DIRECTING PLAINTIFF TO DEMONSTRATE CAUSE
In December 2017, debtors/defendants James and Stacy Holmes each lent $ 500 from creditor/plaintiff Ameribest payday advances. A couple of weeks later on, and occasionally thereafter until they filed for bankruptcy, each debtor paid $ 575 to Ameribest and lent $ 500 more about the exact same terms while the loan that is previous. The very last of those transactions took place on March 24, 2018. At the time of that date, Debtors had paid a complete of $ 1,125 in interest to Ameribest. Debtors filed their joint Chapter 13 petition three times later on, arranging Ameribest being a creditor having an undisputed, unsecured, $ 1,150 claim.
This instance is definitely an adversary proceeding brought by Ameribest to look for the dischargeability associated with the March 24, 2018, loans under В§В§ 523(a)(2)(A) and (a)(6) of this Bankruptcy Code. Ameribest has relocated for summary judgment. For the good reasons stated below, Ameribest’s movement may be rejected. Moreover, because of the known facts with this situation, Ameribest may be purchased showing cause why this Court must not (1) enter summary judgment in Debtors’ favor and (2) honor expenses and lawyer charges to Debtors under В§ 523(d).
All statutory recommendations in this purchase are to Title 11, united states of america Code (“Bankruptcy Code”).
Even though there are exceptions to the concept of statutory interpretation, see, e.g. , 4 Richard Levin & Henry J. Sommer, Collier on Bankruptcy В¶ 523.05 (sixteenth ed. 2019) (discussing В§ 523(a)(5) while the “congressional policy that favors enforcement of obligations for spousal and child help”), those exceptions don’t apply to the current situation.
Ameribest contends that the three-day space between the loans at issue and Debtors’ Chapter 13 petition necessarily establishes that Debtors misrepresented their intent to settle the loans and, by doing this, intended to deceive Ameribest. Nevertheless, also let’s assume that taking right out a cash advance can, standing alone, constitute a “representation” for purposes of В§ 523(a)(2)(A), Debtors have submitted sworn affidavits by which they do say that, throughout the March 24, 2018 transactions, they each “had every intention of spending the mortgage back in complete.” A) will be denied because these statements create a genuine dispute of material fact as to Debtors’ intent to repay the loans (i.e., Debtors’ intent to deceive Ameribest), Ameribest’s motion for summary judgment under В§ 523(a)(2.
Moreover, the record contains no evidence that the deals at problem caused Ameribest to maintain a loss.
Debtors paid $ 1,150 to Ameribest in the exact same time they borrowed $ 1,000. The amount that is net to AmeribestвЂ”$ 1,150вЂ”stayed the exact same. In reality, as the March 24, 2018, deals included two $ 75 interest re payments to Ameribest, Ameribest is $ 150 best off than it can have now been had Debtors perhaps maybe not involved in those deals before filing for bankruptcy 3 days later on. Having evidently suffered no loss, Ameribest cannot satisfy its burden of evidence under В§ 523(a)(2)(A). Hence, it seems for this Court that Debtors are entitled to summary judgment under that subsection.
Under Kansas legislation regulating payday advances, “any loan made under this area shall never be paid back by profits of another loan made under this part by the exact exact exact same loan provider or associated interest.” Kan. Stat. Ann. В§ 16a-2-404(6). In order to avoid operating afoul with this provision that forbids loan rollover, Kansas payday loan providers and borrowers take part in fig loans locations a form of fiction: in place of after a fresh loan with payment, the events follow repayment having a brand new loan. The very first group of deals is an impermissible rollover associated with the loan that is old the 2nd, evidently permissible, even though web impact on the borrower’s financial responsibility is exactly the same in either case.
Because of the December 2017 loans, Debtors owed Ameribest $ 1,150. Had Debtors involved with no other company with Ameribest before filing for bankruptcy, Ameribest could have a claim that is unsecured $ 1,150 (and the contract price of 3% interest each month from loan readiness through the petition date) and, presumably, that might be that. Alternatively, between December 2017 and March 24, 2018, each debtor sporadically came back to Ameribest to take part in a repayment-followed-by-new-loan transaction, the web effectation of that has been a $ 75 interest re re payment to Ameribest. While Ameribest continues to have an unsecured claim for $ 1,150, Ameribest is way better offвЂ”by a complete of $ 1,125 in interest re payments вЂ”than it might have now been had Debtors just lent cash 90 days before filing for bankruptcy. By arguing that the March 24, 2018, transactions render Debtors’ loans nondischargeable since they happened three times ahead of the filing associated with bankruptcy petition, Ameribest is actually arguing that regular interest repayments from a genuine debtor can make a quick payday loan nondischargeable under В§ 523(a)(2)(A). This Court categorically will not accept that place.
Regarding the sleep of Ameribest’s problem, the Court is. puzzled. The Court has formerly told Ameribest’s attorneyвЂ”in a posted instance, no lessвЂ”that В§ 523(a)(6) doesn’t except debts from the non-hardship Chapter 13 release. And Ameribest’s remaining “causes of action” provide simply to reiterate that Debtors owe Ameribest $ 1,150вЂ”the amount that is same Debtors listed as undisputed on the Schedule E/F. In a nutshell, the Court can recognize no reason at all why it will perhaps maybe maybe not enter summary judgment in favor of Debtors as to Ameribest’s whole problem.
See In re Hodges , 407 B.R. 415, 418-19 & n.6 (Bankr. D. Kan. 2009).
For the reasons that are foregoing Ameribest’s movement for summary judgment is hereby rejected. Ameribest is further bought to demonstrate cause, within 30 days of this date for this order, why this Court must not (1) enter summary judgment in Debtors’ favor and (2) honor expenses and lawyer charges to Debtors under В§ 523(d). Debtors may, but are perhaps perhaps not directed to, register an answer within 20 times of Ameribest’s reaction.